1. Street Presence
YaR functionaries from the YaR centres are present at the street corners, bus stations, railway stations, markets and other places in the cities and towns with the intention of befriending children and the young on the streets and rehabilitating them.
2. Rescue Booth in the Bus Stand
It is a booth established by the YaR centre in the bus stand with the permission and co-operation of appropriate authorities with the intention of reaching out to the unaccompanied children and trafficked children who arrive there or pass by. It is an opportunity to rescue such children and rehabilitate them to safety.
3. Rescue Booth in the Railway Station
It is a booth established by the YaR centre in the railway platforms with the permission and co-operation of appropriate authorities as an extension of the YaR centre with the intention of reaching out to the unaccompanied children and trafficked children who arrive there or pass by. It is an opportunity to rescue such children and rehabilitate them to safety.
4. Drop in Centres
The children and the young on the street are reached out and befriended and are invited to the drop in centres run by the YaR agency. It is a friendly place with a lot of freedom. The young can come in and move out at anytime during the day. Recreation, TV, toilets, space to take rest, friendly staff and counseling facilities are available for the young at a drop in centre.
5. Shelter Home:
Shelter Home is a centre for children established in a city or town. Children who are rescued from the streets are brought to this centre for care and protection. Such children are those who have decided not to continue living on the streets anymore. It provides short stay with many facilities for day and night and it is here that they are helped to decide with counseling support regarding their future: to return home, to be part of other alternative cares, to study, to get trained etc.
6. Night Shelter
It is possible that many of the children and the young especially in bigger city streets may decide to continue to live on the streets. Forcing them to leave the streets may produce negative results. So they are invited to spend the nights in the night shelter run by the YaR Centres and be safe. The night shelter is attractive with many facilities and a friendly atmosphere. It is another opportunity for the YaR centre to movitvate the young on the streets towards rehabilitation.
7. Mobile Medical Care Units:
The medical care units of the YaR Centres would regularly visit street corners of the city to provide primary medical care to the children and the young on the streets. It is also another tool for entering into the hearts of children on the streets to motivate them towards a more meaningful and safe way of living away from the streets or other situations of risk.
8. Mobile Schools:
A vehicle with facilities for conducting education programmes and teachers move to different locations where the children who do not go to school and educate them.
9. Street and Slum Literacy/education programmes
The teachers from the YaR Centers go to locations on the streets or to other prearranged spots or to the slums to teach children. Children who live on the streets, child labourers and children who do not go to school from their slum dwellings attend such educational programmes.
10.Saving Schemes for Children
The YaR Centres offer saving schemes to the young who live and work on the streets or in other situations where they generate income. It is an excellent way to orient them towards a meaningful future and to rehabilitate them.
11.Children’s Home- Boys:
Boys rescued from the dangerous situations or referred by Juvenile Justice Board or Child Welfare Committees or by the guardians or those boys who have decided to leave the streets are offered care and protection in the children homes.
12.Children’s Home- Girls:
Girls rescued from the dangerous situations, referred by Juvenile Justice Board or by CWC or by the guardians and those girls who have decided to leave the streets are offered care and protection in the children homes.
13. Referral Services:
If the marginalized children contacted by the YaR centres donot have proper facilities to meet their special needs then they are referred to competent institutions for care and protection and they are followed up by the YaR Centres.
14.Medical Clinic with residential facility:
Children from the streets and other situations of risk who need special medical care are admitted into the medical clinic of the YaR centre with residential facility. They are looked after by proper nursing care at the clinic until they are healthy.
The YaR Centre runs children’s library from where the young and the children who are under the care of the YaR centre can read books.
16.Leap Frog courses for School integration:
It is an education programmes for children who have dropped out of education and who have not gone to school. The education is carried out in such a way that it would facilitate the children to join school education, to join age appropriate classes in the school.
In the community colleges the young are given education and training to get them an employment. The needs of the society/community is taken into consideration to decide on what courses to be conducted in the community college. This would facilitate their immediate employment after the training.
18.Formal School Education:
Children rescued and sheltered in the children’s homes of YaR Centres are provided formal school academic education by admitting them into the schools.
19.Formal Higher Education:
The young who reside in children’s home and complete school education and who show academic competence are further supported for university education as according to their aptitude and capacity.
20.Non Formal Academic Education:
Distance education, correspondence course etc. at school level and university level education are followed for educating the young at the YaR centres.
21.Formal Technical Education
Youngsters who complete school education form the YaR children’s homes/centres and who have aptitude for formal technical education are supported to do formal courses like ITI, ITC, Diploma etc. in formal institutions.
22.Non Formal Technical Education
Youngsters who have not completed school education or who have no capacity for further academic education are given non-formal technical training either in YaR centre itself or in other institutions.
23.National Child Labour Schools:
The YaR centres educate children rescued from child labour through the NCLP (National Child Labour programmes) of the Government. The children who undergo this education programmmes are later admitted into main stream school education.
24.National/State Open Schools:
YaR centres run education progarmmes offered by the National/State Open Schools to secure education for the marginalized and at risk youth that they serve . The system, the open school offers seems to be quite suitable for many of the youngsters of the YaR centres who would like to do studies at a different pace and it offers both academic and technical studies.
25.After Care Homes:
Youngsters who have crossed the age of 18, who may be into technical training, higher studies or into first year of employment are taken care of in the After Care Homes run by the YaR Centres. Most of the youngsters in after care homes are those who may not have a home of their own.
26.Homes for HIV/AIDS Affected and infected children:
The children and the young who are affected and infected by HIV/AIDS are given proper residential care and treatment in the homes run by YaR Centres.
Tent schools are a way of providing education to child labourers. Edcuation progarmmes are conducted in the vicinity of child labour situations like mining, factories etc. Often they are run in tents. It is a way of rescuing child labour and admitting them into mainstream education.
28.Evening school, tutuion and study centres:
Children who do not go to schools, who drop out of schools, who are poor etc. are given educational support at the evening schools, tuitions and study centres run by the YaR centres and by other Don Bosco centres.
Children who drop out of education is the target of a lot of exploitation, abuses and trafficking. A lot of children drop out of education and are exploited. So YaR centres in their neighbourhood adopt and support ordinary schools to prevent children from dropping out of education.
30.Brass Band Troupe and Other Performance troupes:
YaR Centres set up brass band troupes and other performance troupes to train the children/the young in music, dance and other cultural activities.
31.Inter NGO Meet:
The marginalized young who are looked after by different NGOs are brought together for common programmes- festivals, completions etc. it is great opportunity for interactions for children and YaR functionaries who come from different NGOs.
32.Scouts and Guides
Scouts and guides are movements that are promoted among the children in YaR centres for character formation and right orientation to life.
33.Private Academic education for the poor who have low grades:
Children and the young with very poor grades do not get admission to continue with education in regular formal schools. Such youth often fall prey to anti social situations and exploitation. So academic education programmes are run especially for those with very low grades coming from very poor and marginalized backgrounds.
34.Outreach Progarmmes to Government Juvenile Homes:
YaR centres reach out to Juvenile Homes run by Government with various services and collaborate towards the integral growth of the children there.
35.Services to Young Prisoners:
Young prisoners is an important target group of YaR centres. They reach out to prisons where they house very young prisoners (18 years- 24 years) with life orientation, educational and technical skill training progarmmes.
Children and the young who are home placed by the YaR centres are supported with financial sponsorship to support their education if they are from very poor financial background.
37.Centre for Physically challenged children:
Some of the children rescued from situations of risk are physically challenged and they are given care in centres meant for physically challenged children.
If there are a number of children who are homeless and can’t get back to their own families they are looked after in children’s village. A children’s village will have several children homes, which are small homes to ensure personal care.
39. DB YaR Network:
There are over 70 Don Bosco centres that work for various categories of young at risk in India. They are brought together under the banner DB YaR Network for learning from each other, for learning together and for working together.
40. Income Generation Programmes:
A YaR Center could have the production of simple handicrafts and souvenirs or other useful products. The children could be part of such activities as training in useful skills or as part time activities. Those children who are part of such activates also will receive some income which they can make use of usefully.
It is an alternate form of child care. Children who have no homes of their own to go to, are given for foster care to families who are willing and capable of taking care of children. It involves a legal process and continuous follow up.
42. Small Home care:
B institutions or big childrens homes can be impersonal. So there are YaR centres that run many children homes which are small in size. Each home may have 12 to 20 members with a house mother.
43.SSA Study centers:
Serva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA) is a Government project to educate children who are marginalized and out of school. YaR centres run units of SSA to educate the homeless children they rescue and reach out to.
44.DB Tech- MORD Project:
An effective way of rehabilitating the at risk youth that YaR Centres reach out to is skill training programmes with short duration and immediate placement by DB Tech- MORD Project.
45.Life Skill Training:
The young who are rescued from marginalized and at risk situations are give life skill training as part of preparing and rehabilitating them to main stream society.
It is a gathering of marginalized young persons whom the YaR centres reach out to. In this mela the young are given opportunities to become aware of different options for future and employment.
Many children and young persons reached out to by the YaR centrs are substance abusers. They are motivated to go through the de-addiction progarmmes that are run by the YaR Centres.
48. Counseling Centres:
The children and the young served by the YaR centres are dealt with a counseling attitude. As many of them have issues within that affect them negatively they are provided professional counseling help through the counseling centres run by the YaR centres.
Children and the young who are contacted on the streets and at other places are brought together on a weekly or monthly basis for fun, entertainment, food and orientation. This is an excellent opportunity for influencing them positively to take meaningful decisions regarding their lives and future.
Camp methodology is an effective method for rehabilitating children and the young from the dangerous situations that they live in. Children from the streets, from the railway plaffoms etc. are brought into orientation camps (4 day camps, one week, a month etc.). These camps often become turning points in the lives of many children.
Holiday Camps are often conducted for children/the young who live in the children’s homes of YaR centres during the vacation time. Relaxation, learning, entertainment, picking up useful skills, orientation towards positive living etc. are part of such camps
Picnics are conducted for the young who are in the different programmes of the YaR center. Picnics are often used by the YaR functionaries as a strategy to take the children and the young from the streets for a short period of time for motivating them to leave the street life that they are addicted to and to help them to make new choices for their life.
Restoring the children to their homes is the first priority of YaR Centres when they reach out to unaccompanied children. Ones own home is the best place for children. When this is not possible other alternative forms of care are considered
54.Home Follow Up:
To prevent the home restored children leaving their homes due to various reasons and to support them there YaR Centres have home follow up programmes organised for home restored children.
55.Institutional Follow up:
Children and the young who are placed in other institutions for special care and support other than centres of YaR are followed up by the YaR Centrers.
The young served at the YaR Centre and who are above 18 years are placed in appropriate jobs and followed up by the job placement wing of the YaR centres.
The young who are already job placed and earning are helped to hire a room/house and live on their own. It is an excellent opportunity for those young persons to acquire the skills necessary for living on their own in the future.
58.House Building Schemes:
The young who are totally homeless, who have no family not to go to, who after their training are working, earning and saving are offered supportive schemes to build their houses. Contribution from the beneficiary is an important aspect of this scheme.
59.Marriage Support Schemes
Totally homeless youngesters who grow up as beneficiaries of the YaR centre with no family of their own are supported to get married and establish families of their own.
The youngsters who are trained with skills are supported with self-employment schemes by the YaR centres to make a living.
61.Youth for Youth Clubs:
YaR centres bring together youngsters from the neighbourhood and from favorable situations (economically sound, good families, good educational institutions) to develop a concern for the less privileged children in the society. Such efforts are called Youth for Youth clubs. Youth for Youth clubs organize programmes where the privileged and the less privileged meet and share friendship and love. It is a way of building up a society with a favourable attitude towards the less previledged to and an opportunity for the marginalized young to build up their confidence.
To transform the General society with a favorable attitude towards the less privileged young persons. The YaR centres receive interested citizens, members from organizations, students from educational institutions etc. to visit the YaR centres, to spend time with children and become aware of the work that is being carried out. They are invited to join hands with the efforts of the YaR centre for the young at risk through different ways.
YaR Centres promote and accept persons to volunteer and participate in the services that are offered for the young at risk in the cetnres. Building a volunteer movement from among the young who are brought up by the YaR centre and also from the locality is an important objective of YaR centres.
Child rights clubs, children’s parliament etc. are expressions of Peer Leadership. The adolescent children who are served and looked after in the YaR centres are given opportunities for Peer Leadership programmes. The members are trained in child rights, legal awareness, citizenship and are given opportunities to involve themselves in appropriate activities of the YaR Centre.
65.Training in Social Work:
Students from MSW colleges and other institutions are provided training and placement facilities in the YaR centres. It is n opportunity to support the formation of social work professionals who have genuine concern for the care and protection of children.
66.Homelink – Documentation Software:
The YaR Forum has developed a documentation software called Homelink. It can be used to document every aspect of any organization working for marginalized young people.
67.Missing Child Search:
Missing Child Search is a facility that has grown out of HomeLink documentation software which can be used for tracking, tracing and restoring missing children online in the country.
68.Missing Child Beaurau:
Missing Child Beaurau is a district model for creating data about unaccompanied and marginalized children and for tracking, tracing and restoring missing children online.
69.Child Safety Net:
Child Safety Net is a society empowerment programme on behalf of children especially the marginalized children. Awareness creation on child rights, care and protection of children are importants aspect of child safety net. Together with awareness creation and several activities and progarmmes are carried out for the care and protection of children.
70.Child Reception Home:
YaR centres act as child reception homes of the state. As part of restoration of children they are received for care and protection before they are restored to their homes or to more appropriate locations.
71.Child Rescue Ambulance service:
YaR Centres have vehicles specially dedicated for rescuing children who are sick, injured and those who are in other abusive situations.
YaR Centres run childline project of the central Government,(a telephone helpline programme for the children in distress) as collaborative agencies or nodal agencies. It is an effective tool for serving young at risk.
73.Child Welfare Committee:
CWC is a Juvenile Justice Act body for the care and protection of children in difficult situations. YaR functionaries serve on this body for the sake of young at risk. YaR centers network with these bodies for the care and protection marginalized children.
74.Juvenile Justice Board:
Juvenile Justice Board is another body created by the Juvenile Justice Act. It deals with children in conflict with law. YaR functionaries serve as members on this board to serve the young at risk and the YaR centers also net work with this body to serve the young at risk.
75.Special Juvenile Police Unit (SJPU):
Special Juvenile Police Unit is another body constituted by the Juvenile Justice Act. YaR functionaries become members on this unit to serve the young in difficult situations.
76.State Selection Committee for JJB & CWC:
State Selection Committee for JJB & CWC selects the members of CWC & JJB in a state. YaR functionaries act as members on this committee and it is an opportunity for effective implementation of Juvenile Justice System in the state.
77.Juvenile Justice National Desk:
Juvenile Justice National Desk is a national network of hundreds of NGOs that promote the proper implementation of Juvenile Justice System across the country.
YaR centres bring together the organizations that work for child care and protection in their neighbourhood on behaf of the marginalized children. Working together is better than working in isolation.
79.YaR centre Advisory Committee:
YaR Centre advisory committee consists of eminent personalities from the locality to examine and evaluate the activities and plan of the YaR centre. They will also contribute with their suggestions for the better running of the organization.
Co-operators unit consists of persons who are attracted by Don Bosco’s system and spirituality of working for youth and they would share in the mission of the YaR centres for the YaR.
81.Past Pupils Unit:
It is an association of persons who were beneficiaries of the YaR centre once upon a time. Now they live on their own away from the centre.
82.Self Help Groups:
YaR centres initiate SHGs in the slum areas that are situated in the neighbourhood of the YaR centre. It is a way of strengthening the economically backward areas of the society to take care of their children. They will also participate in the mission of the YaR centre.
83.Caring Community Units:
YaR centres would like to serve the young at risk with the support of the society in which it is located. So persons in the society are motivated and organized into groups to network with the YaR centre services to serve the marginalized children in the society. Some of the Caring Community groups are auto rickshaw driver’s group, head load worker’s group, street vendor’s group etc.
There are over 80 partners in Homelink Network. One important activity of this network is tracking, tracing and restoring children. The partners work according to the requirements mentioned in the project. It has a node, hub, national office set up. Many YaR centres are part of this network.
85.Province YaR Mela:
Don Bosco run YaR centres in India are divided into provinces. Province YaR mela is when a province brings together the children/young from the YaR centres in its jurisdiction for a get together. The mela consist of interaction, fun, entertainment, cultural activities and learing programmes.
86.National YaR Day:
The YaR Centres in India celebrate on Nov. 20th as YaR Day. On this day each YaR Centre will organize programmes in their centre and locality on themes connected with YaR mission with guidance from the National office of YaR.
YaR centres take up activities to advocate for the care and protection of marginalized children- RTI, PIL, Signature campaigns, email campaigns, filing cases on behalf of children in the legal courts etc.
88.Child Rights Campaigns:
YaR centres run child rights campaigns in their cities, towns or localities- street theatre, posters, handbills, email, sms etc. to create awareness about child rights in the society and to protect the rights of children.
89.Child Rights Centre
Library and other documents on child rights and connected themes, resource persons on child rights and other themes on children, legal aid training programmes, workshops, seminars etc. on child rights and other related themes are the some of the features one would find in the child rights centre.
90.Training Salesians for YaR ministry:
A curriculum for training Salesians for effective YaR ministry is designed and the formation commission implements the training at various stages of formation.
91.Capacity Building and Training of Government Personnel, allied systems and YaR Funtionaries:
YaR Centres take up programmes to train Govt.: personnel, allied systems and their own functionaries on the themes regarding marginalized children, laws, policies child rights etc.
92.Counseling training for the Functionaries:
It is important that those who work for marginalized and at risk children must work with a sensitive counseling attitude. The counseling training run by the YaR centres equip the YaR functionaries with proper skills.
Issues and themes connected with marginalized children/young are conducted. The results are used for amendments of the law, formulation of new policies and schemes, awareness creation etc.
The YaR centres have their work and information about beneficiaries and organization are documented at their documentation unit.
YaR centres publish monthly or quarterly or half yearly magazines about their activities and are sent to many as information sharing and for awareness creation.
E magazines are prepared by YaR Centres about their programmes and activities and are emailed to many.
The Annual Reports published by the YaR centres contain all the information about their organization, beneficiaries and their activities during the previous year.
98.Audo Visual Production:
To promote the cause of YaR, audio visual programmes are produced by the YaR centres and are disseminated.
Books and manuals published by the YaR centres have turned out to be excellent resource on serving the young at risk effectively.
100. Seminars and workshops:
To promote the cause of marginalized children and young people national or local seminars and workshops are conducted. It is a way of promoting a child rights attitude in people who have responsibility for children in society. National seminars and workshops are opportunities for the whole YaR Forum platform to come together and learn together.
101. YaR Child Policy:
YaR Forum partners work for the care and protection of the young with a definite child policy that is based on child rights.