With 356 million 10-24 year-olds, India has the world’s largest youth population despite having a smaller population than China comes second with 269 million young people. Other significant countries are: Indonesia (67 million), the U.S. (65 million) and Pakistan (59 million), Nigeria with 57 million, Brazil with 51 million and Bangladesh with 48 million.
Many developing countries have a large youth populations. If and when invest heavily in young people’s education and health and protect their rights, their economies will soar. In this generation there are 600 million adolescent girls with specific needs, challenges and aspirations for the future. They have an unequal access to opportunity and education. A person in an urban area has a 93 per cent greater chance of acquiring training than one in a rural area which (among other reasons) impels the young to migrate from place to place.
Migrant youth at- risk are children and young adults, who, for lack of better options are forced to move from their native places. They migrate to get over their poverty searching for basic livelihood; there are others who move to escape from communal and other socio political disturbances or natural calamities. Some are indeed trafficked. All of them are youth at risk.
Migration is high to Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Karnataka. A research by YaR on migration of youth indicated that the majority of them survive by working as labourers in construction or in hotels/eateries.
The immediate need at hand is to provide accommodation for them. They simultaneously need social security; access to education health services and subsidized food, The Government already plays a vital role by offering services: Child Help Line, enrolling the youth in government schools.
Don Bosco YaR Forum is planning to set up a national migrant desk to help them live a life of quality and dignity. Experts in this field have come together to set up a task force for smooth implementation of the plan and to prevent large scale migration. The goal is to reach out to as many migrated youth as possible.